The Mimosa belongs to the genus Acacia and the sub-family of Mimosoideae.
The different species are used for very varied purposes: cut flowers, ornamental plant or rockeries, defensive hedges or as a wind break, sand and soil control, but also for perfumery. It is mainly grown in southern Australia, South Africa and France.
Soil type: fairly poor and particularly well-drained or even dry soil, and stony soils because mimosa cannot grow in stagnant water
Mimosa in the Mandelieu hills
Soil quality: acid Soil moisture: normal
Use: cut, tubs, cut flowers
Height: tree 6 m high (30 m in the land of origin)
Type of plant: tree with flowers
Type of vegetation: hardy
Type of foliage: persistent
Hardiness: up to-10°C in a sheltered place
Planting potting: spring
Method of multiplication: sow in the warm weather, graft, budding in mid-summer
Watering: particularly in the first year, one watering a week will suffice
Pruning mimosa in Mandelieu
Pruning: recommended, every year, especially in windy regions. After flowering, cut branches which have flowered to prevent pods forming unnecessarily. Balance the branch and lighten it by removing poorly placed or redundant branches. Small velvety golden yellow braids (Glomeruli), gathered in bouquets are hung directly on the stem (called "sessiles"). The evergreen light green, sometimes blueish foliage is decorative all year round. Often very light, it is similar to that of some ferns.
Different Varieties 800 species have been identified out of an estimated 1200.
The main varieties of Mimosa cultivated in the south-east are grown from dealbata: the Mirandole occupies 60% of surfaces, the Astier: 10% and le Gaulois: 30%. It is the most resistant mimosa to cold with is more commonly called the "four seasons", it needs more water but, on the other hand, it blooms several times a year.
Some of these varieties:
- Gaulois (Acacia Dealbata) A large very sturdy tree with dark green foliage. Bipennate divided leaves. Abundant flowering (sulphur yellow) which emerges largely from the foliage at the end of January to March.
- Tournaire (Acacia Dealbata) Average development. The leaves are short, pressed and dark green. The young shoots have red wood. Early flowering from the end of December to January. Flowers in long upright clusters in a pure brilliant yellow.
- Mirandole (Acacia Dealbata) Big development. Large bipennate light green leaves. Flowers in a large cluster of a pure brilliant yellow from the end of December to February. To be reserved for large gardens.
- Bon accueil (Acacia Decurrens) Average tree. Yellow angular branches. Beautiful green pinnate leaves. Leaves spaced out. Large clusters of flowers which go beyond the foliage. Very large very fragrant grains. Flowering January-February. Large garden.
- 4 seasons Mimosa (Acacia Retinodes) This is one of the more resistant to cold (from -9°C to -10°C). Flowering spring-summer.
The symbols of mimosa
Light yellow, mimosa is one of the most used flowers in the field of symbolism. With a delicate scent, it speaks to a southern French accent. Here and there, the flower radiates and completely naturally represents the Sun.
In the language of flowers, mimosa evokes: Secret love, Security, Enhanced sensitivity. It is also the flower of reunions.